Wednesday, 1 March 2017


HIV / AIDS A perspective

by: Mehjabeen Poonawala

AIDS is caused by the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which damages the body's defense system. People infected with HIV usually live for years without any signs of the disease. They may look and feel healthy, but they can still pass on the virus to others.

HIV is a retrovirus with two primary types: HIV-1 and HIV-2. There are many strains of both types and all mutate rapidly, which has made it particularly difficult for researchers to find an effective vaccine or treatment for the virus. HIV infection is often mostly or entirely asymptomatic (without symptoms) and the most common signs, which include fever, fatigue, rash, and lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes), are often mistaken for mononucleosis, flu, or similar, comparatively harmless diseases.

AIDS is the late stage of HIV infection. People who have AIDS grow weaker because their bodies loose the ability to fight off illness. In adults, AIDS develops 7 to 10 years after infection, on an average. In young children, it usually develops much faster.

It is not possible to get HIV /AIDS from touching those who are infected. Hugging, shaking hands, coughing and sneezing will not spread the disease. HIV /AIDS cannot be transmitted through toilet seats, telephones, plates, glasses eating utensils, towels, bed linen, swimming pools or public baths.

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is an incurable but preventable disease. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), the virus that cause AIDS, spreads through unprotected sex (intercourse without a condom), transfusions of unscreened blood, contaminated needles and syringes (most often those used for injecting drugs) and from an infected woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth and breast feeding.

All people including children are at a risk for HIV/AIDS everyone needs information and education bout the disease and access to condoms to reduce this risk.

Anyone who suspects that he or she might be infected with HIV should contact a health worker or an HIV.AIDS center to receive confidential counseling and testing.

The risk of getting HIV through sex can be reduced if people don't have sex, if the reduce the number of sex partners, if uninfected partners have sex only with each other, or if people have safer sex- sex without penetration or while using a condom. Correct and consistent use of condoms can save lives by preventing the spread of HIV.

Girls are especially vulnerable to HIV infection and need support to protected against unwanted and unsafe sex.

Parents and teachers can help young people protect themselves from HIV /AIDS by talking with them about how to avoid getting and spreading the disease, including the correct and consistent use of male or female condoms.

HIV infection can be passed from a mother to her child during pregnancy or childbirth or through breastfeeding. Pregnant women or new mothers who are infected with HIV, or suspect that they are infected, should consult a qualified health worker to seek testing and counseling.

Un-sterilized needles or syringes, most often those used for injecting drugs, can spread HIV. Used razor blades, knives or tools that cut or pierce the skin also carry some risk of spreading HIV.

People who have a sexually transmitted infection (STI) are at a greater risk of getting HIV and of spreading HIV to others. People with STIs should seek prompt treatment and avoid sexual intercourse or practice safer sex.


Consuming a balanced diet lessens the impact but does not cure the disease, whereas poor nutritional status definitely contributes to onset of symptoms such as body wasting and fever.

All persons with HIV infections and AIDS need early ongoing medical nutrition therapy. The goal should be to educate individuals about the importance of consuming a well- balanced diet, to provide adequate nutrition for maintenance or improvement in the nutritional status and to prevent protein-energy malnutrition and vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

About the author: Mehjabeen Poonawala - Ph.D. Research Scholar (Foods and Nutrition) The author is Content Editor of which is a health information portal. offers quality information on topics like Nutrition, Diet, Obesity, Diabetes, Food habits, Blood pressure and weightloss.

Tuesday, 28 February 2017


Reasons Why Kissing is Good for You!

These are interesting facts about kissing!

First, It helps prevent tooth decay (better than brushing your teeth?) Dr. Peter Gorden, Dental Advisor at the British Dental Association, explains. “After eating, your mouth is full of sugar solution and acidic saliva, which cause plaque build up. Kissing is nature's own cleaning process”, he adds. “It stimulates saliva flow and brings plaque levels down to normal.” I asked my dentist and after he blushed, he agreed.

  It relieves tension. A passionate kiss is a great relaxation technique, says stress consultant, Michelle Kay Mcnabb. " When your mouth is in a kissing position, you are almost smiling and as our emotions and body language are so closely linked, it's almost impossible to smile and feel tense at the same time," she explains. "Also, your breathing becomes deeper and your eyes close when you kiss; that's what you do when you relax. It's a perfect way to shut out the world." 

 It helps you lose weight.-- just how long can you do that? You need use 3000 calories to lose one pound, i.e., 30,000 minutes, 500 hours... "A long kiss makes the metabolism burn up sugar faster than usual," says Claire Potter. "The calories burned depend on the intensity, but you can rely on 10 calories for every 10 minutes." 

 It slows the aging process. (That's important! ) "Kissing helps to tone your cheek and jaw muscles, so they're less likely to sag," says Cosmo's Fitness Consultant, Claire Potter.
 It increases fitness levels. (Okay, now there is really no reason why you can't start some exercise now). “Your heart is pumping, your pulse is racing..."If kissing is exciting, you release adrenaline into the bloodstream and your heart pumps more blood around your body,” says Dr. Susan Hotchkies. "It's a great cardiovascular workout." 

 It’s a good indication of what's to come. (Make sure he or she is not married, please). Kissing a new guy or gal gives you the perfect opportunity to check out his or her pheromones - the chemical messengers that signal sexual attraction. " The first kiss is always a good way to work out if there's any chemistry between you, "says Paul Brown, a sexual and marital therapist. " In humans, it's thought that smells plays a vital part in subconscious attraction, and if your pheromones aren't 'in tune', you're unlikely to hit off!

 It boosts self-esteem. There's nothing better than a passionate kiss for a major dose of feel good factor. "In theory, when you're kissing, you're happy. And when you're happy, you feel good about yourself," says psychotherapist Paul Zeal. 


Sunday, 19 July 2015


It's long been said that money can't buy everything and most will agree if they are truly being honest throwing silliness aside. Money can't buy you true love. Money can't buy back your youth or bring back loved ones that have passed on. And additionally, money can't buy fitness no matter how much you shell out of your pocket.

To make that point clear, all the money in the world cannot automatically create that perfect physique regardless of how much you are willing to pay. Sure money can pay for a private gym membership or even allow you to build your own gym in your backyard. Money will also allow you to hire a 24 hour a day personal trainer along with a chef to be at your beckoning call whenever you need a healthy meal prepared.

Money can also pay for weight reduction surgeries or "tummy tucks" which can give the appearance of a reduction in weight. However even in this case the person is not fit, they just have less fat - completely different case.However even with these things that money can potentially buy, they will not magically get you fit. The sweat and effort will still have to come from you and that is something money cannot buy.
You have to earn fitness and that is the beauty of it. No matter how rich or poor a person is, fitness is something that judges not on how financially well off you are.
If you've ever seen Brad Pitt in the movie Troy, Henry Cavill in Man of Steel, or Chris Hemsworth as Thor in the Avengers, these famous actors had to workout constantly and eat nutritiously for a number of months in order to develop the physique needed for their roles.
Don't believe me? YouTube or Google their workout and nutritional regiments and you'll see what they had to do in order to get in shape. Even these rich, famous actors had to put in the time to get fit.

Once you come to terms with this fact, you will see that money cannot buy fitness, it is something that has to be earned. If it helps motivate you, just maintain the mantra "If Chris Hemsworth had to do it, I can do it!"
Take it upon your shoulders and commit yourself wholeheartedly to a fitness plan. Be willing to exercise 4-6 days per week for a certain amount of time even if it's just for 20-30 minutes when beginning.
Everyone has to start somewhere, but the point of the matter is to start.

Naturally this habit will take some getting used to, but the better you stick with your fitness plan, the quicker this will truly become an important part of your life. Once you adhere to your workout routine for a certain amount of time, you will realize that money really can't buy fitness. You'll only get fit through hard work and determination.

Don't forget about the importance of tying healthy nutrition into your fitness plan so your weight loss results will be amplified even more so. Once you are able to combine both of these healthy habits regularly, losing weight and getting fit will come much more rapidly than you ever thought possible So with each running stride you take, lap in the pool, or mile on an exercise bike, keep in mind that you can't buy fitness, you have to earn it. As tough as that may sound right now at this moment, know that at the


Sex is healthy. Keep In mind, though, that “healthy” is one thing, “medicinal” is another. True, intercourse does have its direct health benefits. It is after all, exercise. It has an analgestic effect, reducing pain for several hours after the act, most encouragingly for sufferers of arthritis. And there is evidence that ejaculations (for men) on a steady regular basis make for a healthier prostate.

But Sex, as far as anybody knows, doesn’t cure cancer. It won’t prevent heart disease. But sexual fulfillment is a player in the disease-fighting game, not because it cures anything directly but because it’s a morale-booster.

Sex is a motivator and a powerful one, according to Aaron Vinik, M.D., Ph.D., director of research at the Diabetes Institute in Norfolk, Virginia. “The contact that sex provides keeps you functioning and involved,” Dr. Vinik says. “Sexually inactive people become what I call slothful—apathetic and inactive”

Apathy and inactivity are invitations to disease; they are the enemy of a disease-free lifestyle. “A lot of the depression and withdrawal you see in people with illnesses is because of a loss of sexuality,” Dr. Vinik says. “Sex is important to feel whole, to have a healthy outlook, to maintain vibrancy.

Research suggests a link between sex and lower blood pressure, says Joseph J. Pinzone, MD. He is CEO and medical director of Amai Wellness.

“There have been many studies,” he says. “One landmark study found that sexual intercourse specifically (not masturbation) lowered systolic blood pressure.” That's the first number on your blood pressure test.

“Sex is a really great form of exercise,” It won’t replace jugging, but it counts for something.

Sex uses about five calories per minute, four more calories than watching TV. It gives you a one-two punch: It bumps up your heart rate and uses various muscles.

So get busy! You may even want to clear your schedule to make time for it on a regular basis. “Like with exercise, consistency helps maximize the benefits

You may nod off more quickly after sex, and for good reason.

“After orgasm, the hormone prolactin is released, which is responsible for the feelings of relaxation and sleepiness" after sex,

Thursday, 16 July 2015



How do you feel when you purchase a brand new car? Great feeling isn’t it? Every part of the car is expected to work optimally. There is pleasure in every ride taken across the country or anywhere it is you wish to ride your new car to. All pipes, nuzzles, filters and components that make up the car engine functions efficiently. But how the car will fare in the next five years depends largely on the way the owner will use it. The factors involve include, but not limited to; will genuine oil always be used in the engine? Will only original fuel (of course we have adulterated fuel) be used? Every manufactured product will always come with a user’s guide. The “lifespan” of the product will depend largely on the adherence or otherwise of the user to the user’s guide.

Will the engine be serviced as frequently as demanded by the manufacturers? Will original spare parts be used always? Will little things such as checking oil level, fuel gauge, water level, etc. be practice first before the car is started first time in a day? Hope the car will not be used to carry load over what it should normally carry? These factors and more will determine the state of the car five years from now. Not really the craftsmanship or professionalism of the manufacturer. 

The human body can be likened to a car. We have several parts that make up the whole body. All parts work separately and in unison to sustain life in the body. All activity leads from and back to the heart. So we can confidently call the HEART the Engine of the Human Body. To be able to sustain life in the human body, we must follow the manufacturer’ (nature) guide. Many of us have heard about how to maintain a healthy body; eat healthy foods, eat fruits and vegetables, exercise to stay fit, don’t smoke cigarette, and don’t accumulate stress. How many people follow these guides as if our lives depend on these seemingly little activities. Many people are gravely sick today and are paying lots of money to stay alive just because they choose not to follow the ‘user’s guide’ on how to live a healthy and disease free life. No doctor will tell you in this simple term, “That you shape the destiny of your own health with every actions and decisions taking daily, by what we eat, how we eat what we eat, plus the lifestyle we choose.
You better start to follow the USER’S GUIDE on how to maintain your ‘ENGINE’. No one will ever do it for you. Take SERIOUS RESPONSIBILITY about your health now. MOST ENGINES WILL NOT GIVE SIGNALS THAT THEY ARE ABOUT TO CRASH AND STOP WORKING SUDDENLY. That’s why you here many people just slump and die. Just like that. GONE!!! The question is this; how is your engine doing? Are you following the user’s guide?  ITS BEST YOU TAKE ACTION NOW!!!  

Saturday, 9 May 2015


Health and fitness are major concerns for most seniors, usually because they've spent decades ignoring those topics. If that includes YOU, at what age did you decide your fitness level wasn't a priority? Fortunately in most cases it's not too late - you can start taking back your health and fitness at any age!

From treadmills to exercise machines to free weight areas, more and more people over 60 are turning up regularly at gyms and working out regularly. Most marathons these days have athletes 60 and older joining them, and the half-marathons see even more seniors taking part. And golf courses, tennis courts and squash courts are often populated with seniors, both for their enjoyment and to help them get and stay fit.But if your physical condition isn't up to extreme senior sports, the good news is you can start much more simply. Health and fitness require proper exercise, nutrition and sufficient rest to recover fully. 

But seniors don't need to jump into major changes to improve their lives - even small changes add up over time.
What's your current activity level? If the bulk of your exercise is walking from your couch to the bathroom, taking a walk around the block each day would be a good start. If mobility isn't an issue for you, how long has it been since you rode a bike regularly? If mobility is an issue, instead think about modest exercise - there are plenty of bodyweight exercises and stretches you can do at home without lifting weights.

Or maybe simple, no-impact exercises like yoga or Tai Chi would suit you better. Each can be performed at a very basic level by almost any senior, and you can increase your level as your body adapts. You don't even need to join a class for either - there are plenty of online videos or DVDs available that you can follow along with at home. Once again, no equipment is necessary to get started...

Does your community have recreation centers? If they have a pool there you can easily enjoy yourself while working on your fitness level, and many have in-pool exercise classes for seniors as well. Any nervousness you feel about starting to exercise in front of others will most likely fade quickly as you experience the social benefits of exercising with other seniors from your local community. Socializing with a group of like-minded peers your own age will also help you stick with it and heighten your sense of accomplishment as you advance.

And remember, when you're physically ready, the gym is always going to be there to welcome you! If you want to start lifting weights at home, it's as easy as starting off with a pair of dumbbells bought at your local sports store or department store. If you're feeling more adventurous, talk to the manager at any local gyms - more and more personal trainers are taking special training in working with seniors
(thanks to the large baby-boomer demographics), and it will certainly help you get started on the right path if you hire one for at least your first few gym sessions.

When lifting weights it's best to start with shorter, lighter workouts and progress from there - you're going to be asking your body to move and stretch in unfamiliar ways, so don't overdo it in the early stages.

As you can see, fitness for seniors can take many paths, and all of them can be started easily and build from just a small initial effort. 

 Take back your health starting today for a longer, happier life - the benefits to YOU are myriad!

Article Source:

Live A Longer Life By Making Healthy Lifestyle Choices

Fitness of the body is the desire of every man or woman, as a healthy body can be the key to an active life, leading to happiness and success. But one needs to follow some healthy lifestyles, which will in turn, ensure better living and physical health of that person. 

These beneficial habits can save a person from many fatal diseases, like cerebral stroke, cardiac arrest, renal failure, malfunctioning of liver, lung infection and even some cancers.

Therefore, one should follow a few simple rules, which will protect him/her from most of the physical hazards that people face nowadays.

Consumption of only healthy foods - Every child should develop the healthy habit of eating nutritious foods, which will make their bodies stronger from the starting phase of their life. A balanced meal is needed for everyone, which comprises of one-third portion of carbohydrates, necessary proteins from oily fish or lean meat, very little amount of fats and plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. 

Usually, the starchy foods, like whole grain cereals, such as brown rice or whole wheat bread or sweet corns, potatoes and pasta are the rich sources of required carbohydrates that can be included in the daily menu. Sea foods with healthy Omega 3 oils, for example, herring, tuna, mackerel, sardines, or salmons are most helpful in retaining the good health of a person till old age. 

The usual favorite red meat should be replaced with chicken or any other lean meat, which will not increase the cholesterol level of the body. 

The middle-aged people should avoid eating too much sweet food, to keep their blood sugar normal. The habit of eating extra-oily or junk foods should be replaced by tasty fruits, as snacks for both kids and adults. The cooking should be done with edible oils, like vegetable oil or sunflower oil or olive oil, which contain healthy low-fat cholesterol.

Need to give up the habit of smoking - Smoking does enormous damage to the health of the smoker, as well as to all those around him/her. So it is best to give up this harmful addiction at an early age, to save oneself and all others from the dangerous effects of the tobacco smoke.

Some addicted people may find it too tough to give up this habit totally, but proper medication and guidance can free them totally from smoking.

Should not drink much alcohol - Though alcoholic drinks cannot be barred totally, people should restrict their
alcohol intake to a medically approved limit, which will not harm their health in any way. But the kids, pregnant women and those affected with any serious ailment should be kept away from all kinds of alcoholic drinks, to save them from greater health hazards.

Regular physical activities are essential - As idleness makes the body inactive and slower, the habit of daily
workouts of at least 30 minutes per day can make a person energetic and comparatively much healthier. Jogging, brisk walking, free-hand exercises like aerobics, cycling and swimming are the most commonly used physical activities which keep the body fit even in ripe age and away from all common ailments of aged people.

Adequate amount of sleep - Everyone should grow the healthy habit of going to bed early at night and sleeping for at least 7 - 8 hours, for maintaining the proper metabolic balance of the body system and a cool brain.

By practicing and maintaining these activities, you can help to increase your lifespan and avoid risks to your health. Afterall, everyone owes it to themselves, as well as their loved ones to live a longer, fuller life. That itself is the greatest reward anyone can ever offer you.

The decision is yours to turn your life around by making healthy living choices for a longer and healthier lifestyle.